Socotra, Socotra Archipelago

  • Island in the Indian Ocean belonging to Yemen, but under the control of the UAE-backed Southern Transitional Council
  • The island is isolated and home to a high number of endemic species
  • Up to a third of its plant life is endemic
  • The long geological isolation of the Socotra archipelago and its fierce heat and drought have combined to create a unique and spectacular endemic flora

Dar al-Hajar, Wadi Dhar

  • Former royal palace located in Wadi Dhar, built in the 1920s as the summer retreat of Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, ruler of Yemen from 1904 to 1948
  • It sits on top of a structure built in 1786 for the scholar al-Imam Mansour
  • The palace stayed in the royal family until the Yemen revolution of 1962, and now the palace is a museum

Qalansiyah Beach, Socotra Island

  • Located on Socotra Island, the beach is surrounded by jagged limestone mountains, and offers white sand and turquoise water

Detwah Lagoon, Socotra

  • Lagoon on the coast of Socotra, the saline lagoon connects to the Gulf of Aden, from which it is separated by a spit
  • The lagoon contains extensive seagrass meadows, and the shore hosts endemic plants
  • The seagrasses provide nursery habitats for juvenile fish, and the lagoon hosts vulnerable species, such as the reticulate whipray and bluespotted ribbontail ray
  • It is an important roosting and feeding area for waterbirds, and it serves as a breeding site for the Egyptian vulture and Socotra cormorant

Diksam, Socotra Island

  • Diksam plateau noted for having the densest concentration of dragon blood trees on the island of Socotra

Marib Dam, Ma’rib Governorate

  • Modern dam blocking the Wadi Adhanah, located in the Ma’rib Governorate
  • The current dam was built in the 1980s, and near the ruins of the ancient Great Dam of Marib, first built in the 8th century BC
  • It was one of the engineering wonders of the ancient world and a central part of the Sabaean and Himyarite kingdoms around Marib

Ayhaft Canyon National Park, Socotra Island

  • Park located on Socotra Island, known for picturesque canyon, and its bottle and tamarind trees