#116 best destination in the world

Angkor Wat

Angkor_Wat

  • Largest religious monument in the world, at 402 acres
  • Originally a Hindu temple, it gradually transformed into a Buddhist temple toward the end of the 12th century
  • Masterpiece of high classical style of Khmer architecture
  • Designed to represent Mount Meru, home of the devas in Hindu mythology

Ta Prohm, Siem Reap

  • Modern name of the temple in Siem Reap, built in the Bayon style largely in the late 12th and early 13th centuries
  • It was founded by the Khmer King Jayavarman VII as a Mahayana Buddhist monastery and university
  • Unlike most Angkorian temples, Ta Prohm is in much the same condition in which it was found: the photogenic and atmospheric combination of trees growing out of the ruins and the jungle surroundings have made it one of Angkor’s most popular temples with visitors

Bayon, Angkor

  • Richly decorated Khmer Buddhist temple at Angkor
  • Built in the late 12th or early 13th century as the state temple of the Mahayana Buddhist King Jayavarman VII
  • The Bayon’s most distinctive feature is the multitude of serene and smiling stone faces on the many towers which jut out from the upper terrace and cluster around its central peak
  • These faces have been associated with the Hindu God Brahma because of the four faces looking in different directions but archaeologists also associate it with Buddha despite the jewelry, crown marking which are not associated with Buddha
  • The temple has two sets of bas-reliefs, which present a combination of mythological, historical, and mundane scenes

Royal Palace of Cambodia, Phnom Penh

  • Complex of buildings which serves as the royal residence of the King of Cambodia
  • The Cambodian monarchs have occupied it since it was built in the 1860s, with a period of absence when the country came into turmoil during and after the reign of the Khmer Rouge
  • The palace was constructed between 1866 and 1870, after King Norodom relocated the royal capital from Oudong to Phnom Penh

Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh

  • Museum chronicling the Cambodian genocide, located in Phnom Penh, the site is a former secondary school which was used as Security Prison 21 by the Khmer Rouge regime from 1975 until its fall in 1979
  • From 1976 to 1979, an estimated 20,000 people were imprisoned at Tuol Sleng and it was one of between 150 and 196 torture and execution centers established by the Khmer Rouge
  • In 2010, the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia convicted the prison’s chief, Kang Kek Iew, for crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions

Preah Khan, Angkor

  • Temple at Angkor, built in the 12th century for King Jayavarman VII to honor his father
  • It was the centre of a substantial organization, with almost 100,000 officials and servants
  • The temple is flat in design, with a basic plan of successive rectangular galleries around a Buddhist sanctuary complicated by Hindu satellite temples
  • Preah Khan has been left largely unrestored, with numerous trees and other vegetation growing among the ruins

Wat Phnom, Phnom Penh

  • Buddhist temple (wat), and a pagoda, that symbolizes the name of Phnom Penh, a historical site in the record of Khmer national identity
  • The pagoda is named after Lady Penh from the story of the discovery of the five statues: one Vishnu statue and four Buddha statues
  • Completed in 1373